EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

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Rethinking Expertise

Read Rethinking Expertise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Xpertises are used to judge others how laypeople judge between experts and how credentials are used to evaluate them Throughout Collins and Evans ask an important uestion how can the public make use of science and technology before there is consensus in the scientific community This book has wide implications for public policy and for those who seek to understand science an. ILL from PSUfrom the libraryc2007 Univ of Chicago PressAuthor Harry Collins is distinguished research professor of sociology and director of the Center for the Study of Knowledge Expertise and Science at Cardiff University Author of several books with coauthorsDr Golem How to Think about Medicinea fascinating view of catagories of knowledgeIntroduction why expertiseall sorts of troubles truth if it can be found about any scientific fact is always slower than the politics of meaning uantum theory shows that intention is a part of outcome therefore people are not separate from the scientific outcome but instead a part of itThen there is the problem that while scientist are up against peoplepolitics and while science is contaminated by people there is the problem that scientists themselves are people They make all kinds of mistakes including moral mistakes as well as technical mistakes They even fake their data and work for corporations who hide or misrepresent their data How to get out of this mess study sciencetherefore study expertise The unresolved tension between esxpertise and democracy reappears wherever experts and specialists have found themselves engaged with other groups not least in the contemporary debate about science and the citizenThe premises of the book are laid outFolk wisdom view is that the ordinary person is said to understand things best because they see the surface of an issue without being seduced by the detailsTacit knowledge is the deep understanding one can only gain through social immersion in groups who possess itThe book is an attempt to analyse exptertise only in regard to technical subjects not at all in regards to political issuesDefines four types of scientismsA little about the other chapters is coveredch 1 the periodic table of expertises 5 steps Ubiuitious and specialist expertises all from ubi expertise 1231 enough knowledge to write it on a napkin2 public understanding source being mass media and pop books3 primary source knowledge transition specialist tacit knowledge4 interactional expertise5 contributory expUbi expertise fluency in a native lang political discrimination skill in any cultural taskspecialist expertise must involve specialist tacit knowledge ability to perform skilled practice interactional expertise deeply tacit knowledge laden expertise expertise in the language of the specialism in the absence of its practice contributory expertise 5 stage model noviceadv beginner competence proficiency expertisech2 the periodic table of expertises metaexpertises and meta criteriach3 interactional expertise and embodimantch4 walking the talk experiments on color blindness perfect pitch and gravitational wavesch 5 new demarcation criteriaconclusion Science the citizen and the role of social scienceappendixwaves of science studies

Free download Rethinking Expertise

Read Rethinking Expertise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook D benefit from it“Starts to lay the groundwork for solving a critical problem how to restore the force of technical scientific information in public controversies without importing disguised political agendas” Nature“A rich and detailed ‘periodic table’ of expertise full of case studies anecdotes and intriguing experiments” Times Higher Education Supplement UK. Interesting exploration of the meaning of scientific expertiseThis was one of my first forays into the world of e books I bought the Nook version and read it mostly on my Android phone I discovered that the software for the phone is really not up to what is necessary for this kind of book The images were illegible and it is very cumbersome to the point of not being worth it to look at footnotes I m afraid that my frustrations with the medium may have affected my outlook on the book so I m going to refrain from commenting much on it

Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins

Read Rethinking Expertise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook What does it mean to be an expert In Rethinking Expertise Harry Collins and Robert Evans offer a radical new perspective on the role of expertise in the practice of science and the public evaluation of technologyCollins and Evans present a Periodic Table of Expertises based on the idea of tacit knowledge knowledge that we have but cannot explain They then look at how some e. Rethinking Expertise stands as the elaboration of Collins and Evans proposed Third Wave trajectory for science studies If the Second Wave attempts to reveal the ways in which scientific knowledge is socially constructed the Third Wave seeks to set limits on just how far that construction can reach In short CE want to establish what they call a realist perspective on expertise which is to say expertise really exists and is not merely an artifact of culture politics and power Rather expertise arises from experience The category of experiential knowledge takes on great importance for CE as contrasted with propositional or formal knowledge Relying on Michael Polanyi s concept of tacit knowledge or knowledge that can be gained only through hands on experience and cannot be formally communicated outside of context CE argue that people without hands on scientific expertise should not participate in the appraisal of that knowledge At the same time CE argue that Polanyi s notion of a Republic of Science will not do The Republic of Science which insists on autonomy from politics and a completely internal judgment process excludes potential experts who have experience but no credentialsCE attempt to lay out different sorts of expertise in order to show us who does and doesn t have the right to engage in conversations about the validity of scientific knowledge For example contributory experts actually do experiments and research in science so they are the most ualified to understand one another and judge the others work They also introduce the category of interactional expert which is someone or rather it s a skill that anyone can have along with other sorts of skills as well who speaks the language of the contributory expert well enough to fluently understand the issues and concerns of their science And so on with other types of expertise as well as some explorations into how we might tell them apart for example a color blind person could fluently learn to discuss colors much like an interactional expertthey basically want to modify the notion of a Turing Test but for telling experts apart This is especially relevant in a regime based on distinctions in tacit knowledge since computers can t have that kind of understandingUltimately CE want to re instate demarcation criteria between science and non science because without them publics far away from the sites of knowledge production could be thought to have eual purchase on the interpretation and creation of scientific knowledge This is unacceptable to them because they argue that scientific knowledge is epistemically privileged Even if this is the case CE just don t properly consider the politics of expertise formation and validation For example in the case that Brian Balogh considered regarding the production of nuclear science expertise that I recently wrote about one of the salient features of this expertise was its almost exclusive presence within the military or other groups already committed to certain courses of action with respect to commercialization of nuclear power No experts even existed to challenge this powerful group representing government military scientific and corporate interests This suggests that the production of expertise itself is itself a political issue regardless of whether those experts really do have a better grasp on what they re doing or talking about Also though CE readily admit that the pace of politics is much faster than that of science this mismatch makes the construction of expertise even politically salientUltimately it s a bit inaccurate to say that Second Wave science studies generally tried to overturn the purchase of science on truth In fact plenty of second wavers if you want to accept that label just aren t interested in truth at all You don t have to take a philosophical stance on the realism of science or expertise to study the ways in which knowledge gets produced in particular ways in particular contexts of political cultural and institutional interest Though I really agree that we need new tools to think about the problems of democracy and expertise I m not sure that rehabilitating demarcation is the most production way forward


10 thoughts on “EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

  1. says: EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read

    Harry Collins µ 0 Read Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Rethinking Expertise stands as the elaboration of Collins and Evans' proposed Third Wave trajectory for science studies I

  2. says: Free download Rethinking Expertise Harry Collins µ 0 Read EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read Free download Rethinking Expertise So much of the sociology of scientific knowledge tradition appears as a game of chicken teetering on the edge of relativism or nihilism if not actually plunging in The authors' choice of epigraph to everything there is a season a time to break down and a time to build up from Ecclesiastes is an indication that this investigation of expertise represents a stepping back from the brink It is not vertiginously exciting crackling with analyti

  3. says: EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Free download Rethinking Expertise I've enjoyed Collins philosophy of science works eg The Golem series This title intrigued me with answers to the knowledge managementtransfer challenges faced by many professional services firms mine includedRethinking Expertise largely advocates formal recognition of a class of expertise obtained by those such as sportswriters and political journalists Expertise that is thoroughly conversant with the subject

  4. says: Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Everybody is an expert at something and nobody can be an expert about everything A pharmacist would likely flounde

  5. says: EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read Free download Rethinking Expertise

    EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins ILL from PSUfrom the libraryc2007 Univ of Chicago PressAuthor Harry Collins is distinguished research professor of sociol

  6. says: Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins This book proposes a new framework for thinking about and evaluating expertise The authors think an important and neglected area of inuiry regarding expertise is the boundaries surrounding expertise and how we should understand them With additional nuances within each category it is proposed to understand expertise by the following Beer mat knowledge popular understanding primary source knowledge interactional expertise and contributory

  7. says: EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    Harry Collins µ 0 Read Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins Free download Rethinking Expertise At first the new jargon is a little difficult to get the hang of contributory vs relational expertise but is necessary to discuss expertise its definitions and how expertise works Relational expertise is particularly intriguing For example an art critic may not be able to paint but he can be an expert in the di

  8. says: EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    Free download Rethinking Expertise EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Interesting exploration of the meaning of scientific expertiseThis was one of my first forays into the world of e books I b

  9. says: Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read

    Free download Rethinking Expertise Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins Harry Collins µ 0 Read Outstanding work on the Study of Expertise and Experience and what does it means to know what you are talking about This book concentrates on characterising expertise and classifying it into various types Focussing on tacit expertise and introducing the concept of interactional expertise this is a must any involved in public policy and for those who seek to understand science and benefit from it

  10. says: Free download Rethinking Expertise EBOOK or PDF (Rethinking Expertise) ô Harry Collins

    Harry Collins µ 0 Read Read & Download æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook µ Harry Collins Free download Rethinking Expertise Marvelous little book I learned a lot about the problem of conceptualizing expertise and the authors' introduction of the concept of 'interactional expertise' is a major contribution Recommended not only to sociologists of knowledge b

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